Advanced Windows PowerShell Scripting Video Training

Advanced Windows PowerShell Scripting Video Training
Advanced Windows PowerShell Scripting Video Training

Monday, September 19, 2016

The 30,000 Foot View of the PowerShell Pipeline

This is post 2 of 7 in this series.

In simple terms, this is what occurs when you use the PowerShell pipeline. You execute a cmdlet that recovers a specific type of object.  The cmdlet then places one object into the PowerShell pipeline.  This object passes to the next cmdlet in the pipeline.  After that cmdlet is finished with it, it moves to the next cmdlet and so on and so forth.  Once the object has exited the pipeline, the first cmdlet releases the next object into the pipeline.  The important thing to note at this time is that only one object is processed in the pipeline at any one time.

Let’s take a look at a simple example.
PS C:\> Get-SmbShare

Name   ScopeName Path                              Description   
----   --------- ----                              -----------   
ADMIN$ *         C:\WINDOWS                        Remote Admin  
C$     *         C:\                               Default share 
D$     *         D:\                               Default share 
E$     *         E:\                               Default share 
IPC$   *                                           Remote IPC    
print$ *         C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\drivers Printer Drivers

Six SMB Share objects are presented. Let’s pass these six objects to Where-Object and only keep any share whose Description property is equal to “Default Share”.

PS C:\> Get-SmbShare | Where-Object Description  -eq "Default Share"

Name ScopeName Path Description 
---- --------- ---- ----------- 
C$   *         C:\  Default share
D$   *         D:\  Default share
E$   *         E:\  Default share

As you can see, we only have 3 objects left to work with.  Here is the process for the first few objects.
  1. Get-SMBShare gathered 6 SMB Share objects and placed the first object into the PowerShell Pipeline.  The first object was the SMB Share named Admin$.
  2. The object was passed to the cmdlet Where-Object for processing.
  3. Where object looked at the value of the Description field for this object. The object has a value of “Remote Admin”.
  4. Since this description does not meet our criteria of “Default Share” the object is removed from the pipeline and discarded from memory.
  5. Where-Object signals to Get-SMBShare to send the next object if it has any more.
  6. Get-SMBShare release the next object that has an SMB Share name of C$.
  7. Where-Object receives the object and evaluates the Description property’s value.
  8. Since the value of the Description matches our criteria of “Default Share” The object is put back into the PowerShell pipeline.
  9. Since there are no more cmdlets in the pipeline, the object is sent to the default output device (your monitor). Actually it passes through a complex formatting system, put that is a discussion for another time.
  10. The pipeline signals to the first cmdlet that the pipeline is clear and to send another object if it has one.

T


All of that just by sticking the “|” character between two cmdlets.  The output of the cmdlet on the left becomes the only input for the cmdlet on the right.

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