Windows Server 2008 is deployed in a secured configuration. As a result, a basic troubleshooting, the PING command, is not able to function. This is a simple fix involving the firewall. This article will focus on how to change this setting using Group Policy so you only have to do it once in a multi server environment.
Log onto one of your Windows Server 2008 domain controllers.
Click Start / Administrative Tools / Group Policy Management
Either select a GPO to use, or create a new GPO. To create a new GPO, right click Group Policy Object and select New. Give the GPO a new and click OK.
Right click the GPO you want to use and click Edit.
Expand Computer Configuration / Policies / Windows Settings / Security Settings / Windows Firewall with Advanced Security / Inbound Rules
Right click Inbound Rules and select New Rule.
Select Predefined and then select File and Printer Sharing from the drop down list.
Check File and Printer Sharing (Echo Request – ICMPv4-In) and click Next
If you are using IPv6, check File and Printer Sharing (Echo Request – ICMPv6-In)
Select Allow the connection and then click Finish.
Close the Group Policy Management Editor.
Any OU that you will apply this policy to will set the Windows Firewall to allow the PING request to be responded to.